Daily life, due to accidents, natural disasters, food poisoning, poisoning, heart disease and other accidents caused personal injury, if each of us can master the basic first aid common sense, it is likely to win the rescue time for 120 to save a life. So what do you need to pay attention to when the stretcher transports the wounded?
Method of carrying the casualty onto a stretcher: two stretcher-bearers kneeling on the right leg, one hand holding the wounded head and shoulder, the other holding the wounded waist, the other hand holding the wounded pelvis, and the other one holding the wounded knee.
When the wounded are sober and the upper limb is not injured, hand hook on the head side of the stretcher person's neck, another stretcher staff at the same time stand, will be wounded on the stretcher, the stretcher on the strap buckle; When moving the wounded on the stretcher to the spine fracture, it should be moved by the $number person, a person in charge of the head traction fixed, Keep the head in a straight position with the torso and keep the neck motionless. The remaining 3 men crouched on the same side of the wounded, two holding the torso, one person holding down the lower limbs, together stand, will be wounded in the stretcher; to waist chest wounded to be transported by $number people, all squatting on one side of the wounded, a person holding the shoulder, a person holding the waist and buttocks, the other one holding straight and close together two lower limbs, Also stand up and put the wounded on a hard stretcher. If one carries it, it should be done from the side, with the chest and pelvis connected together, and the wounded to the stretcher.
The position of the injured person on the stretcher: serious injury, moderate injury, chest injury with dyspnea should take half lying position; for craniocerebral injury, maxillofacial injury and general anesthesia of the injured, the head should be turned to one side, in case the posterior contraction of the tongue caused asphyxia; the injured should take supine position and put a small pillow in the neck to prevent the sway of the head or left. To have cushions or sandbags fixed on both sides.
In transit, the wounded must be turned every half hour, paraplegia and large-area burns, and a vacuum stretcher can be used to cover the wound, and then the casualty will turn over in one direction. After the injured, the skin of its protruding part should be massaged and nursed. When marching, the wounded head should be in front of the foot in order to observe the face, face and breath of the wounded.
When transporting wounded persons with infusion tubes and infusion bottles, they must be escorted by nurses. The main task of the nurse is to protect the transfusion tube and the drainage tube, and to observe the facial expressions and movements of the wounded. In cold conditions to transport the wounded on stretchers need to pay attention to warm, can be used in hot water bags and military water bottles installed in the quilt. When handling the wounded during the rainy season, cover the Poncho to prevent the rain from getting wet. In hot conditions to carry the wounded, should avoid the injured to be exposed to the sun to prevent heatstroke. During the transportation, we should observe the change of the injured person's injury, and we should carry out pressure bandaging to stop bleeding. For patients with severe pain and no abdominal injury can be given painkillers, the sober and no gastrointestinal injury to the injured can be given warm water to drink. When transporting at a distance, the bandage and fixtures should be adjusted to help the wounded to defecate, eat and turn over. For the restless wounded, use bandages to bind their limbs, prevent them from pulling out pipes, remove dressings, and prevent them from rolling down stretchers.