The Kendrick Extrication Device (K.E.D.) is a device that is used in vehicle extrication to remove victims of traffic collisions from motor vehicles. Commonly carried on ambulances, the K.E.D. is typically applied by an emergency medical technician, paramedic, or another first responder. Typically used in conjunction with a cervical collar, the K.E.D. is a semi-rigid brace that secures the head, neck and torso in an anatomically neutral position. This position reduces the possibility of additional injuries to these regions during extrication. The original K.E.D. was designed by Richard Kendrick in 1978.
Below are the steps of using the KED to extract a patient from a vehicle -- it is assumed that all pre-extraction procedures have been completed, such as stabilizing the patient, removing any obstacles such as the steering column, etc.
1) Secure patient's neck using a cervical collar.
2) While manually immobilizing the patient's neck, the patient is leaned forward keeping the back straight, and the KED is slid in behind the patient.
3) The arms of the KED are then pulled up into the patient's armpits.
4) The straps of the KED are then secured in a specific order. The KED straps are color-coded for this order; green for the top strap, yellow for the middle strap, red for the bottom strap, and black for the leg straps.
5) The area between the head and the KED is then padded, minimizing any movement.
6) Patient is then extracted from the vehicle, and secured to a backboard, keeping the KED on the patient. Leg straps are released to allow legs to be secured to the backboard.
While maintaining spinal control, the three rescuers will roll the victim on his side, place the stretcher and lower the victim back onto the stretcher. If you are interested to know more about KED devices, spine boards or stretchers, check out Dixie EMS Supply. We can answer all your of your diagnostic equipment and emergency medical supply needs, with the lowest prices in the industry and a quick turnaround time.